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Large Wheel Loaders

Cat® wheel loaders come in many different configurations to meet your requirements in all regions of the world.

Wheel Loaders for Any Job

Whether you need a wheel loader for use in landscaping, agricultural, construction, waste management, forestry, or mining applications. Caterpillar wheel loaders make your material handling and loading jobs safer, faster, more precise and profitable.

Cat wheel loaders set the standard for reliability, productivity, fuel efficiency, versatility and operator comfort. These environmentally friendly front end loader machines apply proven technologies systematically and strategically to meet our customer’s high expectations. Deep system integration results in reduced emissions and improved fuel economy without interrupting machine performance. Make your Cat wheel loader even more versatile by pairing it with Caterpillar’s broad range of work tools.

Select from a wide variety of front loaders in every size class: Compact Wheel Loaders, Small Wheel Loaders, Medium Wheel Loaders and Large Wheel Loaders. No matter what your material or handling job is, your Cat dealer can help you choose the wheel loader that best matches your needs.

988K Wheel Loader

Cat® Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton. Introduced in 1963, the 988 has been the industry leader for 50 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series. The 988K continues our legacy of reliability, performance, safety, operator comfort, serviceability, and efficiency.

Product Details

Engine

Net Power 403.0 kW
Engine Model Cat® C18 ACERT™
Net Power - SAE J1349 403.0 kW
Bore 145.0 mm
Stroke 183.0 mm
Displacement 18.1 L
Torque Rise 58.0 %
Rated Speed 1,700 rpm
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV OR Tier 3/Stage IIIA Equivalent OR Tier 2/Stage II Equivalent
Gross (ISO 14396) 432.0 kW
Peak Power Speed 1,500 rpm
Peak Power Speed @ 1,500 rpm: Gross - ISO 14396 432.0 kW
Peak Power Speed @ 1,500 rpm: Gross - SAE J1995 439.0 kW
Peak Power Speed @ 1,500 rpm: Net Power - SAE J1349 403.0 kW
Peak Torque @ 1,200 rpm 2852.0 N·m

Operating Specifications

Operating Weight 51062.0 kg
Rated Payload 11.3 tonnes
Rated Payload - Standard 14.5 tonnes
Bucket Capacity Range 4.7-13 m3 (6.2-17 yd3)
Cat Truck Match - Standard 770-772
Cat Truck Match - High Lift 773-775

Buckets

Bucket Capacities 4.7-13 m3 (6.2-17 yd3)

Transmission

Transmission Type Cat planetary power shift
Forward 1 6.5 km/h
Forward 2 11.6 km/h
Forward 3 20.4 km/h
Forward 4 34.7 km/h
Reverse 1 7.5 km/h
Reverse 2 13.3 km/h
Reverse 3 23.2 km/h
Direct Drive - Forward 1 Lock-up disabled
Direct Drive - Forward 2 12.5 km/h
Direct Drive - Forward 3 22.3 km/h
Direct Drive - Forward 4 39.3 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 1 8.0 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 2 14.3 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 3 25.5 km/h

Axles

Front Fixed
Rear Trunnion
Oscillation Angle 13°

Hydraulic System - Steering

Steering System - Circuit Pilot, load sensing
Steering System - Pump Piston, variable displacement
Relief Valve Setting - Steering 30000.0 kPa
Maximum Flow 270.0 L/min
Steering Cycle Time (high idle) 3.4 Seconds
Steering Cycle Time (low idle) 5.6 Seconds
Total Steering Angle 86°

Service Refill Capacities

Fuel Tank 712.0 L
Cooling System 120.0 L
Crankcase 60.0 L
Transmission 120.0 L
Differentials and Final Drives - Front 186.0 L
Differentials and Final Drives - Rear 186.0 L
Hydraulic System (tank only) 240.0 L
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Tank 33.0 L
Hydraulic System Factory Fill 475.0 L

Sound Performance - Standard

Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395) 111 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396) 72 dB(A)

Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt

Cylinders, Double Acting: Lift, Bore and Stroke 210 mm × 1050 mm (8.7 in × 41.3 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting: Tilt, Bore and Stroke 269 mm × 685 mm (8.7 in × 27 in)
Lift/Tilt System Variable displacement piston
Maximum Flow 52.0 L/min
Maximum Flow at 1,400-1,860 rpm 580.0 L/min
Pilot System Variable displacement piston
Relief Valve Setting 3800 kPa
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit EH- Positive Flow Control, Flow Sharing
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt 32800 kPa

Hydraulic Cycle Time (1,400-1,860 rpm)

Dump 2.2 Seconds
Lower Float Down 3.5 Seconds
Rackback 4.5 Seconds
Raise 8.0 Seconds
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time (empty bucket) 18.2 Seconds

Sound Performance - Suppression

Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395) 109 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396) 72 dB(A)

Brakes

Brakes SAE J1473 OCT90, ISO 3450:1992

Efficiency

Delivering fuel efficiency you demand through integrated machine systems.

Cat C18 ACERT™ Engine

The Cat C18 ACERT engine is built and tested to meet your most demanding applications while meeting Tier 4 Final/Stage IV OR Tier 3/Stage IIIA Equivalent OR Tier 2/Stage II Equivalent emission standards.
  • Fully integrated electronic engine controls works in concert with the entire machine to make your fuel go farther.
  • Use less fuel idling with Engine Idle Shutdown.
  • Maximized durability with Delayed Engine Shutdown.

Cat Planetary Powershift Transmission

Featuring all new Advanced Productivity Electronic Control Shifting (APECS) transmission controls provides greater momentum on grades and fuel savings by carrying that momentum through the shift points.

Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC)

Enable your operators to maximize efficiency by varying machine rimpull while putting more horsepower to hydraulics.
  • Reduced tire wear
  • Enables full throttle shifts for faster cycle times
  • Provides smooth approach to the dump target for less spillage and faster cycle times.

Cat Torque Converter with Lock-up Clutch

  • Eliminates TC losses while lowering system heat
  • Improves travel speeds
  • Reduces cycle times in load and carry operations

Economy Mode

Enabling maximum productivity and efficiency, all day every day. The 988K systems work hard to save you fuel through advanced technologies. Utilizing On Demand Throttle, operators maintain normal operation with the left pedal and implements while the 988K manages the engine speed.
  • Provides similar control and feel to our traditional throttle lock feature.
  • Efficiency of manual throttle and the ergonomics of throttle lock operation.
  • Reduced fuel consumption by up to 20% compared to the 988H.

Structures

Best built for the toughest conditions.

Robust Structures

Your bottom line is improved by highly durable structures that achieve multiple life cycles and withstand the toughest loading conditions.
  • Full box-section rear frame resists torsional shock and twisting forces.
  • Heavy-duty steering cylinder mounts efficiently transmit steering loads into the frame.
  • Axle mounting has been optimized for increased structural integrity.
  • Lower hitch pin, frame plate, and bearing size have been increased for longer life.

Lift Arms

  • Excellent visibility to the bucket edges and work area through a Z-bar design.
  • High load stresses are absorbed by the solid steel lift arms.
  • Enhance strength in key pin areas through the use of one piece castings.
  • Stress relieved lift arms increase durability and lengthen time to repair.

Front Linkage

To ensure long life and reliability, the linkage pin joints feature a greased pin design with an auto lube system attachment available from the factory.

Power Train

Move material more efficiently with improved power and control.

Steering and Transmission Integrated Control System (STIC™)

Experience maximum responsiveness and control with STIC that combines directional selection, gear selection and steering into a single lever.
  • Simple side-to-side motion turns machine right or left, minimizing operator movements.
  • Easy to operate finger controlled gear selection.
  • Smoother, faster cycles and less operator fatigue through the use of low effort integrated controls.

Cat Planetary Powershift Transmission

Building your success begins with a best-in-class transmission designed specifically for mining applications.
  • Consistent, smooth shifting and efficiency through integrated electronic controls that utilize Advanced Productivity Electronic Control Strategy (APECS).
  • Long life and reliability through heat treat gear and metallurgy.
  • Four forward and three reverse speeds to match your application.

Cat C18 ACERT Engine

Durability and efficiency at the heart of your 988K comes from the Cat C18 ACERT Engine. Optimum performance is built in through the use of a 6 cylinder, four-stroke design.
  • Optimized performance and quick engine response with an electronic control module.
  • Reliable efficiency with complete control over injection timing, duration and pressure with Mechanically Actuated Electronic Unit Injection (MEUI™).
  • Extended engine life and improved fuel efficiency with reduced rated speed.
  • Designed to meet Tier 4 Final/Stage IV OR Tier 3/Stage IIIA Equivalent OR Tier 2/Stage II Equivalent emission standards.

Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) and Rimpull Control System (RCS)

Lower your cost per ton utilizing advanced ICTC and RCS for modulated rimpull.
  • Reduce tire slippage and wear by modulating rimpull from 100 to 25 percent while depressing left pedal. After 25 percent rimpull is achieved the left pedal applies the brake.
  • Reduce the potential for wheel slippage without reducing hydraulic efficiency with RCS.
  • Improve fuel efficiency in certain applications with our lock-up clutch torque converter providing direct drive.

Hydraulics

Productivity enabling you to move more and make more.

Positive Flow Control Hydraulics

Increase efficiency through our Positive Flow Control (PFC) Hydraulic System. PFC has concurrent pump and valve control. By optimizing pump control, hydraulic oil flow is proportionate to implement lever movement.
  • Fast, productive cycles are enabled by the fully variable implement pump.
  • Increase bucket feel and control through increased hydraulic response.
  • Consistent performance and efficiency with lower system heat.
  • Full hydraulic flow down to 1,400 engine rpm enabled by flow sharing technology.

Electro Hydraulic Controls

Operators increase productivity with our responsive implements feature.
  • Operate comfortably through electronically controlled hydraulic cylinder stops.
  • Handle easy-to-use soft detent controls.
  • Conveniently set automatic implement kickouts from inside the cab.

Steering System

Confident loader operation starts with precise machine control enabled by the 988K’s load sensing hydraulic steering system.
  • Increase efficiency with our variable displacement piston pumps.
  • Achieve precise positioning for easy loading in tight areas with 43 degrees of steering articulation.
  • Enhance operator comfort with integrated steering and transmission control functions.

Filtration System

Benefit from extended performance and reliability of your hydraulic system with our advanced filtration system.
  • Case drain screens.
  • Hydraulic oil cooler return filter.
  • Pilot filter.
  • Return screens inside hydraulic tank.
  • Axle oil cooler screens if equipped.

Operator Station

Best-in-class operator comfort and ergonomics.

Your operators can work more efficiently and stay comfortable with our customer-inspired cab features.

Entry and Exit

Enter and exit the cab easily and safely with these newly designed, ergonomic features.
  • Fold up STIC steer/armrest.
  • Reduced access stairway angles.
  • Standard stairway lighting.

Cat Comfort Series III Seat

Enhance comfort and helps reduce operator fatigue with Cat Comfort Series III seat.
  • Mid back design and extra thick, contoured cushions.
  • Air suspension system.
  • Easy-to-reach seat levers and controls for six way adjustments.
  • Seat-mounted implement pod and STIC steer that moves with the seat.
  • 76 mm (3 in) wide retractable seat belt.

Control Panel

Ergonomic placement of switches and information display keep your operators comfortable all day every day.
  • Large backlit membrane switches feature LED activation indicators.
  • Switches feature ISO symbols for quick function identification.
  • Two position rocker switch activates the electro hydraulic park brake.

Environment

Your operator’s productivity is enhanced with our clean, comfortable cab environment.
  • Experience reduced vibrations from isolated cab mounts and seat air suspension.
  • Maintain desired cab temperature with automatic temperature controls.
  • Pressurized cab with filtered air.
  • Reduced operator sound levels.
  • Convenient floor storage tray/lunch box.

Technology Solutions

Greater productivity through Integrated Electronic Systems.

Integrated electronics provide flexible levels of information to both the site and the operator. This integration creates a smart machine and more informed operator, maximizing the productivity of both.

Information Display

We have worked hard to help our customers and operators perform at their best through our newly upgraded touch screen information display.
  • Intuitive operation and easy navigation with our enhanced user interface.
  • Decrease service time by keeping operators informed about machine systems.
  • Quick on-the-go weighing with the Cat Production Measurement.

Cat Product Link™

Take the guesswork out of asset management with Product Link remote monitoring.
  • Remote access to information through the easy-to-use VisionLink® interface.
  • Maximize uptime by staying informed on machine systems and diagnostic codes.
  • Track machine with utilization, fuel usage, and payload summaries.
  • Stay up to date on machine location, service meter hours, and reporting status.

Vital Information Management System (VIMS™)

Connect directly to the machine for access to a wide range of sensor information and enhanced machine data.
  • Create productivity reports with payload and work cycle segmentation.
  • Identify operator training needs through productivity data.
  • Detailed data logging of machine parameters and diagnostic codes.
  • Track machine sensor information with trend analysis and histograms to monitor machine health.

Serviceability

Enabling high uptime by reducing your service time.

We can help you succeed by ensuring your 988K has design features to reduce your downtime.

  • Safe and convenient service with ground level or platform access and grouped service points.
  • Swing-out doors on both sides of the engine compartment provide easy access to important daily service checks.
  • Ecology drains for ease of service and prevention of spilling potential environmental contaminants.
  • Reduce downtime with VIMS system notifications so your operators and technicians can resolve any problems before failure.
  • Ground level access to transmission control valves.

Customer Support

Your Cat dealers know how to keep your machines productive.

Legendary Cat Dealer Support

A valued partner, your Cat dealer is available whenever you need them.
  • Preventive maintenance programs and guaranteed maintenance contracts.
  • Best-in-class parts availability.
  • Improve your efficiency with operator training.
  • Genuine Cat Remanufactured parts.

Safety

Making your safety our priority.

We are constantly improving our products in an effort to provide a safe work environment for the operator and those who work on your job site.

Machine Access

  • Left and right hand stairs with 45 degree angle enhance safety for operators getting on and off the 988K.
  • Continuous walkway with non-skid surfaces are designed into the service areas.
  • Maintain three points of contact at all times through ground level or platform accessible service areas.

Visibility

  • Optional heated mirrors ensure enhanced visibility for safe operation.
  • Standard Cat Vision or optional Cat Detect with radar increase operator awareness around the machine.
  • Optional HID or LED lights provide excellent workspace visibility.
  • Optional cab mounted LED warning beacons.

Operator Environment

  • Reduced vibrations to the operator with isolated cab mounts and seat mounted implement and steering controls.
  • Low interior sound levels.
  • Pressurized cab with filtered air.
  • Standard 76 mm (3 in) seat belts on the operator seat.

Sustainability

Stewards of the environment.

Reducing the Impact to the Environment

Sustainability is designed and built into our 988K’s features.
  • Burns up to 20% less fuel than the previous model to minimize your carbon footprint.
  • Engine Idle Shutdown can help you save fuel by avoiding unnecessary idling.
  • Reduce waste with our maintenance free batteries.
  • Built for multiple lives, the Cat 988 is one of the most rebuilt products. To assist with maximizing machine life, Caterpillar provides a number of sustainable options such as our Reman and Certified Rebuild programs. In these programs, reused or remanufactured components can deliver cost savings of 40 to 70 percent, which lowers operating cost while benefiting the environment.
  • Caterpillar offers retrofit packages to bring new features to older machines, maximizing your resource. And, when you go through the Cat Certified Rebuild program, these retrofit kits are part of the rebuild process.

System Match Efficiency

Efficient loading/hauling system starts with a perfect match.

Efficient Combination

For full truck payloads with minimum loading time, an efficient loading/hauling system starts with a perfect match. Cat wheel loaders are matched with Cat off-highway trucks to maximize volume of material moved at the lowest operating cost per ton. The 988K equipped with the standard linkage will pass match the 770 (36 tonnes/40 tons) in 3 passes and the 772 (45 tonnes/50 tons) in 4 passes. Equipped with a high lift linkage the 988K is capable of loading a 773 (56 tonnes/61.7 tons) in 5 passes and the 775 (64 tonnes/70 tons) in 6 passes.

Bucket Ground Engaging Tools

Protect your investment.

Enhance the productivity of your loader and protect your investment in buckets with our Ground Engaging Tools (GET). Your knowledgeable Cat dealer will work with you to understand your application and needs for the GET that is best for you.

Performance Series Buckets

Performance Series Buckets feature an optimized profile maximizing material retention and minimizing dig time, translating into significant productivity and fuel efficiency improvements. All 988K buckets are manufactured with the Performance Series design.

Rock Bucket

Applications: Face loading tightly compacted pit materials.

General Purpose Bucket

Applications: Loading loose, stockpiled material.

GET Options

Multiple GET options are available to customize your 988K to your application, such as:
  • Sidebar protectors.
  • General duty and penetration tips.
  • Standard and half arrow segments.

Operating Costs

Save Time and Money by Working Smart.

Data from customer machines show Cat wheel loaders are among the most fuel efficient machines in the industry. Several features contribute to this excellent fuel efficiency:
  • Performance Series Buckets - Deliver faster fill times and better material retention, ultimately reducing cycle times while improving productivity and fuel efficiency.
  • Positive Flow Control Hydraulics - Provides only the hydraulic flow required by the implement and steering systems for improved fuel efficiency and greater rimpull.
  • ACERT Engine - Advanced engine controls maximizes power and efficiency.
  • Economy Mode - Featuring On Demand Throttle, Economy Mode optimizes power for maximum fuel savings with minimal impact on production.
  • Engine Idle Shutdown - Automatic engine and electrical system shutdown conserves fuel.
  • Lock up Torque Converter - Transfers more power to the ground and optimizes fuel efficiency in all applications.
  • Advanced Productivity Electronic Control Strategy (APECS) - All new APECS transmission controls provides greater momentum on grades and fuel savings by carrying that momentum through the shift points. Machine configuration, operator technique, and job site layout can impact fuel consumption.
  • Machine Configuration - Select the correct work tool and tire type based on machine application. Ensure proper inflation pressures. Utilize the Economy Mode setting for maximum efficiency.
  • Job Site Layout - Spot loading targets in the right position. Avoid traveling more than 1.5 tire revolutions during truck loading cycles. Reduce transport distance for load and carry cycles by optimizing job site layout.
  • Loading Bucket - Load in first gear. Raise and tilt bucket quickly and do not use a “pumping” motion. Avoid lift lever detent and use impeller clutch.
  • Loading Truck or Hopper - Do not raise the work tool any higher than necessary. Keep engine rpm low and unload in controlled manner.
  • Idle - Set the parking brake to engage Engine Idle Management System.
  • ELECTRICAL
    •  Alarm, back-up
    •  Alternator, single 150 amp
    •  Batteries, dry
    •  Converter, 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V
    •  Lighting system (halogen, work lights, access and service platform lighting)
    •  Starting and charging system, 24V
    •  Starter emergency start receptacle
    •  Starter lockout in bumper
    •  Transmission lockout in bumper
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
    •  Graphical Information Display, displays real time operating information, performs calibrations and customizes operator settings
    •  Air conditioner
    •  Cat Detect Vision, rear vision camera system
    •  Cab, sound suppressed and pressurized, integrated rollover protective structure (ROPS/FOPS) radio ready for entertainment, includes antenna, speakers and converter (12-volt 5-amp) and power port
    •  Controls, lift and tilt function
    •  Heater, defroster
    •  Horn, electric
    •  Instrumentation, gauges: – Coolant temperature – Engine hour meter – Hydraulic oil temperature – Power train oil temperature
    •  Light, cab, dome
    •  Lunchbox, beverage holders
    •  Mirrors, rearview (externally mounted)
    •  Rimpull Control System
    •  Seat, Cat Comfort (cloth), air suspension, six-way adjustable
    •  Seat belt minder
    •  Seat belt, retractable, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    •  STIC Control System
    •  UV glass
    •  Transmission gear indicator
    •  Vital Information Management System (VIMS) with Graphical Information Display: External Data Port, Customizable Operator Profiles, Cycle Timer, Integrated Payload Control System
    •  Wet-Arm wipers/washers (front and rear): – Intermittent front and rear wipers
    •  Lights, directional
  • POWER TRAIN
    •  Brakes, oil-cooled, multi-disc, service/secondary
    •  Case drain screens
    •  Crankcase guard
    •  Electro hydraulic parking brake
    •  Engine, C18 ACERT MEUI diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
    •  Ground level engine shutoff
    •  Turbine precleaner, engine air intake
    •  Radiator, Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
    •  Starting aid, ether, automatic
    •  Throttle lock, electronic
    •  Torque converter, Impeller Clutch (ICTC) with Lock up clutch (LUC), Rimpull Control System
    •  Transmission, planetary powershift, 4F/3R electronic control
    •  Manual switch and automatic fuel priming
    •  Cat Production Measurement ready
  • OTHER
    •  Automatic bucket lift kickout/positioner
    •  Base machine price includes a rim allowance
    •  Hydraulically driven demand fan
    •  Couplings, Cat O-ring face seals
    •  Doors, service access (locking)
    •  Ecology drains for engine, radiator, hydraulic tank
    •  Fuel tank, 731 L (188 gal)
    •  Hitch, drawbar with pin
    •  Hoses, Cat XT™
    •  Hydraulic, steering and brake filtration/screening system
    •  Cat Clean Emission Module
    •  Oil sampling valves
    •  Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)
    •  Rear access to cab and service platform
    •  Steering, load sensing
    •  Toe kicks
    •  Vandalism protection caplocks
  • Automatic bucket lift kickout/positioner
    • Base machine price includes a rim allowance
      • Hydraulically driven demand fan
        • Couplings, Cat O-ring face seals
          • Doors, service access (locking)
            • Ecology drains for engine, radiator, hydraulic tank
              • Fuel tank, 731 L (188 gal)
                • Hitch, drawbar with pin
                  • Hoses, Cat XT™
                    • Hydraulic, steering and brake filtration/screening system
                      • Cat Clean Emission Module
                        • Oil sampling valves
                          • Premixed 50% concentration of extended life coolant with freeze protection to –34° C (–29° F)
                            • Rear access to cab and service platform
                              • Steering, load sensing
                                • Toe kicks
                                  • Vandalism protection caplocks
                                    • POWER TRAIN
                                      •  –50° C (–58° F) antifreeze
                                      •  Engine oil change system, high speed, Wiggins
                                      •  Engine block heater 120V or 240V
                                      •  High ambient cooling – software
                                      •  Cat Production Measurement
                                    • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
                                      •  Cab precleaner
                                      •  AM/FM/CD/MP3 radio
                                      •  Satellite Sirius radio with bluetooth
                                      •  LED warning strobe
                                      •  CB radio ready
                                      •  Window pull down visor
                                      •  Handrail mounted mirrors
                                    • MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS
                                      •  Front and rear roading fenders
                                      •  Fast fill fuel system (Shaw-Aero)
                                      •  Cold Weather Starting (extra starter plus two batteries)
                                      •  Aggregate Handler

                                    360° Exterior View

                                    360° Interior View

                                    Built for it