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Whether you're digging, trenching, back-filling or handling material, a Cat® Backhoe Loader will meet your needs. Caterpillar sets the industry standard with powerful, comfortable, versatile machines designed to do more work faster.

422E Backhoe Loader

Developed with over 20 years experience in the Backhoe Loader industry, the 422E is designed to exceed customer expectations.More performance, versatility and comfort than ever before gives the 422E the edge needed in a harsh and competitive environment. Along with you, it’s up to the challenge. See your Cat dealer and try out The Next Generation of Backhoe Loaders from Caterpillar.

Product Details


Power - Net 55 kW
Engine Model 3054C DIT
Engine Displacement 4.4 L
Optional Power - Net 65 kW
Gross Power 56.5 kW
Bore 105 mm
Stroke 127 mm


Operating Weight - Nominal 7210 kg
Operating Weight - Maximum 10200 kg

Operating Specifications - Backhoe

Dig Depth - Standard 4255 mm
Dig Depth - E-Stick 5264 mm
Bucket Dig Force - Standard 63 kN
Bucket Dig Force - E-Stick 63 kN
Stick Dig Force - Standard 35 kN
Stick Dig Force - E-Stick 36 kN
Reach from Swing Pivot 5648 mm
Loading Height 3844 mm
Loading Reach 1679 mm

Hydraulic System

Hydraulic Pump Capacity 125 L/min
Hydraulic System Pressure 227 kPa
Type Load-sensing, closed-center system
Pump Type Variable-flow, axial-piston

Operating Specifications - Loader

Lift Capacity @ Full Height 2454 kg
Dump Height @ 45 degrees 2621 mm
Dig Depth 91 mm


Type Front wheel
Power Steering Hydrostatic
Cylinder Bore 65 mm
Cylinder Stroke 120 mm
Cylinder Rod Diameter 36 mm


Forward - 1st 6 km/h
Forward - 2nd 10 km/h
Forward - 3rd 20 km/h
Forward - 4th 40 km/h
Reverse - 1st 6 km/h
Reverse - 2nd 10 km/h
Reverse - 3rd 20 km/h
Reverse - 4th 40 km/h

Service Refills

Hydraulic System 79 L
Cooling System 24 L
Fuel Tank 160 L
Engine with Oil Filter 7.6 L
Transmission 18.5 L
Rear Axle (includes planetary) 16.5 L
Hydraulic Tank 38 L


Overall Transport Length 5830 mm
Overall Length (loader on ground) 5785 mm
Overall Transport Height 3736 mm
Overall Width 2368 mm
Height to Top of Cab 2863 mm
Height to Top of Exhaust Stack 2779 mm
Height to Loader Hinge Pin 459 mm
Ground Clearance 358 mm
Rear Axle Centerline to Front Grill 2200 mm
Front Wheel Tread Gauge 1826 mm
Rear Wheel Tread Gauge 1713 mm
Wheel Base 2200 mm


Customer driven improvements are designed into the 422E.

Lower Operating Costs

The 422E has improved Stabilizer and E-Stick wear pad adjustment. External wear pad adjustment ensures easy maintenance of the Stabilizer and E-Stick, lowering operating costs. This equates to less machine downtime and more convenience for the operator.

All Wheel Braking

All Wheel Braking is standard on all AWD 422E Backhoe Loaders. When driving in two wheel drive, applying the brakes engages four wheel drive, maximizing brake effectiveness.Releasing the brakes returns the transmission to two wheel drive. This is particularly useful when roading. This effective system works well in hazardous, slippery or steep surfaces. Braking modes are controlled by the All Wheel Drive switch.

Improved Weight Distribution

The 422E has been designed with improved weight distribution. The design coupled with a slightly longer wheel base ensures optimum balance and handling, particularly when roading. This is achieved with no loss in turning circle.

Excavator Controls

The 422E is offered with a choice of excavator controls Backhoe (SAE), Excavator (ISO) or universal controls (X pattern). This ensures the 422E will suit any type of operator.

Large Fuel Tank

Responding to customer needs, a large 160 liter fuel tank with the Cat engine and efficient hydraulic system ensures longer periods between fill ups and less inconvenience.

Electro-Deposition Coating

Your 422E has been protected by an undercoat of electrodeposited (E-Coat) primer, which completely seals each metallic component and offers a superior degree of protection from damage and corrosion. Coupled with the high solids polyurethane top coat, your 422E will stay looking good for longer, ensuring optimum resale value.

Work Station

The E-series cab. Comfort, visibility, Style - Designed In!

The 422E Cab is Designed with Today’s operator in Mind. The E-Series cab is designed to provide maximum comfort, ease of operation, and with modern styling meets the requirements of today’s operator.The design incorporates curved glass for improved interior space and visibility. A wide cab provides a spacious environment for better performance when turning the seat from one mode of operation to the other. Cab comfort is enhanced with the first-class Cat suspension seat, reducing fatigue. An easy to open single rear piece window provides the operator with excellent ventilation and superb visibility. The rear wiper easily cleans a large area of the rear screen to ensure excellent visibility of the working area when working in wet or dusty conditions.Excellent ergonomics ensure that all controls are within easy reach of the operator, and tinted glass is standard in all cabs.Other features such as remote stabiliser controls, large adjustable vents throughout the cab, and clear gauges provide the operator with a comfortable operating environment designed to reduce operator fatigue and increse productivity.

Operator Comfort

The working envirnoment has been designed with the operator in mind


Caterpillar understands that backhoe loaders work in some of the harshest environments. By controlling normal machine vibrations caused by these harsh conditions, operator efficiency and productivity are improved. The 422E has features, both standard and optional, that reduce vibration.

Operator Controls

Optimal cab ergonomics are vital to assist the operator in their quest for best productivity. Pressure compensated, well placed levers ensure low efforts and good controllability.

HVAC System

The 422E benefits from an optional, powerful air conditioningsystem, which with good ventilation flow to the operator, ensures the operator stays cool in the highest of working temperatures. The ventilation system also provides plenty of demisting, defrosting, heating capability.

Work Lights

The 422E has adjustable front and rear work lights. This allows the operator to direct the light wherever needed, providing maximum illumination to the work area, whatever the ambient light conditions.

Cab Air Filter

The 422E has an easy access cab air filter, situated within the right hand rear fender. The cab air intake is positioned high up to minimise dust intake into the air filter.

Cab Mounts

The cab is attached to the mainframe with resilient mounts, reducing vibration and sound, providing the operator with an all round comfortable working environment.

Cat Suspension Seat

The major interface between the machine and the operator is optimal, and the Cat suspension seat provides the operator with a comfortable working platform to ensure high levels of productivity with the minimum of fatigue.

Cab and Canopy Options

The 422E is available with either a fully glazed cab or an open canopy, providing the best choices to suit individual operator needs. There is a cab-basic and cab-standard, plus a canopy standard and a canopy plus.


The 422E Single Tilt Loader now has even greater performance.

Improved Loader Performance

The 422E Single Tilt Loader is available with either a General Purpose or Multi Purpose bucket. Work tool visibility is excellent with the narrow sloping hood and divergent loader arms allowing a clear line of sight to the bucket edges. A large torque tube provides torsional stiffness, needed when grading or picking up irregular shaped heavy objects with the loader bucket.

Ride Control

Caterpillar’s proven Ride Control system is an option designed to reduce machine pitching and bouncing giving operators a smooth ride in all applications, including load and carry, roading, or simply moving around the jobsite. An accumulator acts as a shock absorber to reduce machine pitching and provide a smoother ride over rough terrain. The system is engaged by a switch on the front console.

Return to Dig

Your 422E is equipped with a standard Return To Dig system. This system reduces loading cycle times by bringing the loader bucket back to the dig position automatically when lowering the arms. By the time the loader arms have been lowered to ground level, the bucket is in the correct position ready for the next load.

Backhoe Performance

The E-Series Backhoe improves performance and seviceability.

Excavator-style Backhoe

The Cat excavator style boom has more than just good looks. Whether close-up truck loading on a single road carriageway or digging over obstacles such as walls, the excavator boom outperforms the rest. Combine the versatility with the powerful breakout forces, the controllability of the load sensing, flowsharing hydraulic system and the 422E is capable of producing high levels of productivity with the minimum of operator effort. The boom is a narrow design, ensuring maximum visibility to the work tool.

Extendable Stick

The 422E is available with an extendable stick that increases dig depth and reach capability increasing the machine’s versatility and utilisation. A sliding inner section design keeps the wear pads out of the dirt, extending adjustment and replacement intervals. When wear pad adjustment is necessary the adjustment bolts are easy to access taking minutes to adjust, without the need to disassemble the E-Stick. Auxilary line, for operating worktools have been routed so that they are protected from damage when working in the narrowest of trenches.

Slider Frame and Swing Frame

The 422E is designed to make necessary maintenance easy to perform. The E-Series cast slider frame has exterior lock clamps, with no backhoe disassembly needed when servicing. The Swing Frame/Boom Foot pins have replaceable bushings in the bores.

Cat Cushion Swing

The 422E is equipped with Cat Cushion Swing, which enables very fast trenching by damping the boom oscillation down when returning to trench with the hoe.


Flow-sharing hydraulics give the 422E greater control.

Hydraulic Performance

It’s rare that you’ll be working at full production 100% of the time, so why should the machine be working flat out, using more fuel, making more noise, and increasing wear? The 422E has a load-sensing, closed center hydraulic system, which closely matches power and flow to the demand needed by the job in hand. So whether you’re in full trenching mode, or delicately digging around services, you are in total control. In applications such as loading and carrying, speed is important, and the system will match the flow needed to get the job done quickly and efficiently. As there is minimal demand on the system unless needed, there are less parasitic power losses enabling more power to be available for rimpull-providing better loading and roading performance.

Flow Sharing Valves

The 422E features flow-sharing hydraulic valves, ensuring that the correct flow of oil reaches the implement cylinders, providing greater control and eliminating oil starvation when operating multiple functions, such as grading with the backhoe.


The 422E is equipped with a highly efficient variable displacement piston pump. Reliable high performance hydraulic hose is constructed from two strong steel braided layers and O-ring face seal fittings provides a robust system ensuring excellent durability and resistence to damage from pressure spikes and hydraulic pulsing.

Work Tools

Enhance the versatility of your 422E, with a wide choice of tools on offer to suit your needs


Cat offers a huge variety of hoe buckets to meet your requirements, including:
  • Standard Duty Bucket. Used in easy to penetrate, low impact, moderately abrasive materials.
  • Heavy Duty Bucket. Used for digging fragmented rock, frozen ground and highly abrasive materials.
  • Extreme Service Bucket. Used in highly abrasive, high impact soil.
  • High Capacity Bucket. Same durable construction as the HD bucket, but longer tip radius provides increased fill capacity.


Cat backhoe buckets offer superior durability with the following features:
  • Thick cutting edges.
  • DRS (Diagonal Retention System) ensures easier replacement of pin on teeth and greater strength.
  • Thick wear material on the side plates for better reinforcement and less wear.
  • ID plates on all buckets showing part number, GET sizes and machine compatibility.


Work tools are available in a full range of sizes, from a 9”/228 mm Cribbing bucket for cable trenching, a range of Ditch Cleaning buckets, right up to large capacity 36”/914 mm buckets for mass excavation.

Quick coupler

A Cat quick coupler is available for easy hoe bucket changes.

Hydro-mechanical Work Tools

Caterpillar has designed a range of hydro-mechanical tools carefully matched to the machine for optimum performance, including:
  • H65 Hydraulic Hammer
  • Auger
  • Vibratory Plate Compactor
  • Cold Planer
Please see your Cat dealer for the full range of tools available for particular machine combination.

Power Train

422E has a 40 kph transmission as standard - less time on the road, more time on the job site.

Cat Engine

The 422E is available with either the 3054C naturally aspirated and turbocharged engine that meets Stage II emission regulation EU Directive 97/68/EC or the C4.4 Turbocharged After Cooled engine that meets Stage IIIA EU emission Directive 2004/26/EC. A choice of power rating enables the performance of the machine to be matched to customer needs. All engines are reliable 4 cylinder, 4 stroke direct injection diesel engines equipped with standard glow plug for optimum cold weather performance.This provides reliable starting performance down to -18 C. Allengines feature a reliable gear driven water pump and a durablepoly vee front end auxiliary drive belt that is automatically tensionedfor longer life reducing operating costs.

40 kph Power-Shuttle Transmission

The 422E comes equipped with 40 kph Power-Shuttle transmission, improving roading speed and providing better spacing between gear ratios. It utilizes a constant mesh, synchronized, four speed system. The forward/reverse lever on the steering column is placed for easy direction changes on the move, and the gear selection is from the floor mounted shift lever.

Axles and Brakes

The heavy duty Cat rear axle is an enclosed design with a wet multi-plate Kevlar braking system. This system is oil immersed and self adjusting, and allows operation in the harshest environments. The system has dual brake pedals for split braking for good maneuverability in confined working areas.

High Ambient Cooling

The 422E is equipped with a High Ambient (HA) engine cooling package, allowing the machine to be operated in temperatures up to 50° C.

Air Filter

A dry type axial air cleaner with an integral pre-cleaner and automatic integrated dust ejection system extends the life of the air filter life when working in dusty conditions reducing service time and costs.


Lower operating costs mean a better return on your asset.

Reduced Maintenance

The 422E is equipped with a flip open hood, allowing access to all check/fill points, air cleaner, washer bottles, visual indicators etc. The E-Series carries on the tradition with sealed for life axle oscillation, driveshaft universal joints, trunnions etc. Daily maintenance, which can be a chore for the busy operator, is kept to a minimum on the 422E.

Boom and Stick Design

The Boom and Stick design allows all wear adjustment to be done with Stick in-situ, using a simple adjustment mechanism. The Stabiliser legs are also externally adjustable, reducing machine down time and inconvenience.

Cat Filters

All Cat filters are vertically mounted for spill free servicing and reduced oil contamination. They are also low micron filters, filtering even the tiny particles from the oil and keeping the engine, transmission and hydraulic system running smoothly for years.

Scheduled Oil Sampling

Your Cat dealer will be able to provide the Caterpillar S•O•SSM. This enables your dealer to analyze wear before problems arise, so that premature failure can be avoided, and corrective action can take place to reduce costs and downtime.

Customer Support

Lower operating costs with excellent services and options.

Customer Support Agreements (CSA’s)

Your Cat dealer can offer a comprehensive range of CSA’s which can be individually tailored to suit your finances and requirements. Dealers can offer a range of options from a full Preventative Maintenance with S•O•S package to a Parts Only CSA. Protect your valuable investment and know exactly what your monthly payments will be to help you run your business.


Have you explored the range of options available from your dealer to finance your machine? They can offer a selection of attractive packages tailored exactly to your requirements.

Machine Selection

Your dealer can help guide you with your machine purchase decision, based on your requirements and help keep operating costs to a minimum. Is the machine you have in mind exactly the best for your job, or could other attachments be more suitable?
  • Air cleaner, dry type, axial seal with precleaner and filter condition indicator
    • Alternator, 120-amp, 12 volt
      • Antifreeze (to -37°C)
        • Audible system fault alarm
          • Backhoe, 4214 mm dig depth, side-shift, excavator-style backhoe 2 lever control
            • Battery, maintenance free, 750 CCA
              • Boom, transport lock
                • Brace, lift cylinder
                  • Brakes, Kevlar disc, oil disc
                    • Cable stabilizer controls
                      • Cat 3054C* engine (56 kW) or Cat C4.4 **engine (70 kW)
                        •  *Standard for less regulated countries, meets Stage II EU Emission Directive 97/68/EZ**Standard for regulated countries, meets Stage III EU Emissions Directive 2004/26/EZ
                      • Coat hook
                        • Electro-hydraulic slide frame lock
                          • Engine enclosure
                            • Fan, cooling and fan guard
                              • Fast reversing shuttle, all gears
                                • Flashing hazard/signal lights
                                  • Floor mat, rubber
                                    • Front axle, pendulum mount
                                      • Front grill with bumpers
                                        • Front headlights
                                          • Front and rear windshield wipers
                                            • Gauges: Coolant temperature, fuel level, tachometer, hour meter
                                              • Ground line fuel fill with 160 liters capacity
                                                • Grouser style stabilizer shoes
                                                  • High ambient cooler package
                                                    • Hydraulic oil cooler
                                                      • Indicators: Air cleaner service, brake on, engine coolant, hydraulic oil level sight gauge
                                                        • Instrument panel lights
                                                          • Intermittent front and rear wash/wipe
                                                            • Key start/stop system with auxiliary position
                                                              • Lifting eye, backhoe (non-EU countries only)
                                                                • Lights, working (2 front, 2 rear)
                                                                  • Load sensing, variable flow system with axial piston pump
                                                                    • Mirrors, external (2)
                                                                      • Power receptacle, 12 V (2)
                                                                        • Power steering, hydrostatic
                                                                          • ROPS cab with heater, defroster, pressurizer and cab recirculating fan
                                                                            • Seat belt, retractable (50 mm)
                                                                              • Seat with fabric or vinyl seat cover
                                                                                • Self-cancelling directional indicators
                                                                                  • Spin-on fuel, engine, hydraulic and transmission oil filters
                                                                                    • Starting system, thermal aid
                                                                                      • Stop and tail lights (2)
                                                                                        • Swing transport lock
                                                                                          • Tires (2 front, 2 rear)
                                                                                            • Torque convertor
                                                                                              • Throttles, hand and foot
                                                                                                • Transmission, four-speed synchromesh
                                                                                                  • Transmission neutralizer switch
                                                                                                    • Warning horn, front electric
                                                                                                      • Water separator
                                                                                                        • Air conditioning (not available with naturally aspirated engine)
                                                                                                          • Alarm, back up
                                                                                                            • All Wheel Drive
                                                                                                              • Attachments, front loader
                                                                                                                •  General purpose bucket 1.0 m³
                                                                                                                •  Multi purpose bucket 1.03 m³
                                                                                                                •  1.03 m³ with forks
                                                                                                              • Attachments, backhoe work tools
                                                                                                                •  Quick Coupler (mechanical)
                                                                                                              • Quick Coupler (mechanical)
                                                                                                                • *Cat 3054C DIT engine (68.5 kW)
                                                                                                                  •  *Standard for less regulated countries, meets Stage II EU Emission Directive 97/68/EZ
                                                                                                                • Counterweights
                                                                                                                  •  Bumper
                                                                                                                  •  Base
                                                                                                                  •  Stackables
                                                                                                                • Cutting edge, bolt on
                                                                                                                  •  Single piece
                                                                                                                  •  Two piece
                                                                                                                • Fenders, front, All Wheel Drive
                                                                                                                  • Guards
                                                                                                                    •  AWD driveshaft
                                                                                                                    •  Teeth (GP/MP)
                                                                                                                    •  Rear lights, roading
                                                                                                                  • Hydraulic valves, loader
                                                                                                                    •  3rd valve for GP/MP
                                                                                                                  • Hydraulic valves (auxiliary)
                                                                                                                    •  Standard stick
                                                                                                                    •  Extendible stick
                                                                                                                  • Hydraulic lines
                                                                                                                    •  Hammer lines to stick
                                                                                                                    •  Quick disconnects
                                                                                                                  • Hammer lines to stick
                                                                                                                    • Quick disconnects
                                                                                                                      • Lights
                                                                                                                        •  Number plate, rear
                                                                                                                        •  Roading
                                                                                                                        •  Working, 8 lights
                                                                                                                      • Number plate, rear
                                                                                                                        • Roading
                                                                                                                          • Working, 8 lights
                                                                                                                            • Mirror, exterior rearview, large
                                                                                                                              • Operators station
                                                                                                                                •  Canopy
                                                                                                                              • Ride control
                                                                                                                                • Rotating beacon
                                                                                                                                  • Stabilizer street pads
                                                                                                                                    • Stick, extendible
                                                                                                                                      • Tilt steering wheel
                                                                                                                                        • Tool box, external
                                                                                                                                          • Transport locks
                                                                                                                                            • Vandalism protection
                                                                                                                                              • Visor cab
                                                                                                                                                Built for it